Flora and Fauna of Jim Corbett National Park

Jim Corbett National Park is famous for natural bounty and wildlife splendour. The Park is spread over more than 520 sq. km. The diverse offering of floral count of Corbett Park is astonishing. There are about 110 types of trees, 51 types of shrubs, 27 types of climbers and 33 types of bamboo and grass are found. The most visible trees seen in Corbett are Sal Shorea Robusta, which is found over 75% of the main area.

MAIN FLORA IN JIM CORBETT NATIONAL PARK

Sheesam, Dhak, Sisoo, and Khair are the most visible trees found in Corbett. A lot of other varieties are found around the park which contributes to the diversity of species. The only conifer found in the park is Chir Pine, and is seen on ridge tops like Chir Choti and declines in Gajar Sot. The higher reaches near Kanda shelters Banj Oak growing, which is a typical Himalayan species. Kanju (Holoptelia Integrifolia), Jamun (Syzygium Cumini) and Aamla (Emblica Officinalis) are seen growing in major areas.

OTHER MAIN TYPES OF TREES IN CORBETT NATIONAL PARK

  • Bel
  • Kusum
  • Mahua
  • Bakli

There are also breeds of flowering trees found here. Flowering trees compliments the hue of the forests of Corbett. The major ones are Kachnaar (Bauhinia Variegata) with pink to white flowers, Semal (Bombax Ceiba) with large red blooms, Dhak or Flame-of-the-forest (Butea Monosperma) with illuminating orange flowers, Madaar or Indian Coral (Erythrinia Indica) with scarlet red flowers and Amaltas (Cassia Fistula) with shining yellow chandelier like blooms.

Main Trees : There are few species of trees which are artificially planted and grown in the park. These species don’t grow naturally here

  • Teak
  • Eucalyptus
  • Jacaranda
  • Silver Oak
  • Bottlebrush

Grass: There are more than 70 types of grass groups found in Corbett. They include

  • Kansi
  • Themeda Arundinacea
  • Baib or Bhabar
  • Narkul
  • Tiger Grass
  • Khus Khus
  • Spear Grass with sharp blades subjected to cause damage to clothes and human skin.

Bamboo: A few portions of Corbett vegetation is occupied by bamboo forest. The major type of bamboo found is male bamboo having clustered stout stems and lightning papery stem sheaths. Bamboos have a distinct flowering habit. All bamboos of a forest flower together once in long time, after several decades. After flowering, fruiting and dispersal of seeds, all plants decay at the same time.

MAIN FAUNA OF JIM CORBETT NATIONAL PARK

Corbett National Park is home for many wonderful as well as endangered species of animals. The natural bounty and vast landscapes provide perfect habitat for wildlife here. The park plays a dutiful shelter in preserving a variety of flora count.

Mammals: Royal Bengal Tiger, Leopard, Jungle Cat, Asian Elephant, Hog Deer, Spotted Deer, Barking Deer, Chital, Sambar Deer, Wild Boar, Black Faced Monkey, Rheus Monkey, Wild Pig and Jackal etc.

Birds: Peacock, Jungle Foul, White Bush Chat, Oriental Pied, Emerald Dove, Red Wattle Lapwing, the Asian Paradise Flycatcher, Rested Kingfisher, Indian Shirks, Indian Alpine Swift, Woodpecker, laughing Thrush, Vulture, Parakeet, kales Pheasant, Oriole, Common Grey Hornbill, Duck, Stork, Cormorant, Parrot, Indian Roller, Teal, Seagull etc.

Reptiles: Indian Crocodile, Gharial, king Cobra, Krait Cobra, Russels Viper, Python and Monitor Lizard etc.

Fish: Kalimuchi, Mahaseer, Troude, Goonch, Kalabasu, Chilwa etc.